SITREP

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A SITREP or Situation Report is a report sent through radio or digital message by an element to another higher or lower element to inform of its situation. There are multiple versions and alterations of the SITREP that are used in various forces and at various levels. It normally provides a detailed overview over the units entire situation including location, activity, combat effectiveness, disposition, intelligence and reconaissance, logistics, communications and status of personnel. The SITREP thus provides a more complete overview over the units situation as compared to the LOCSTAT, which only provides the units location and brief description of status. The most common variations of the SITREP include:

NATO Own Land Forces Situation Report (OWNSITREP)

See OWNSITREP for the full article on NATO's Own Forces Situation Report

NATO's Own Land Forces Situation Report (OWNSITREP) is used to report factors affecting the situation, deployment, status and/or order of battle of own and subordinate units. The OWNSITREP is primarily used at Battalion/Task Force-level and above to report the own land forces situation, including deployment, status and/or Order of Battle (ORBAT) or Task Organisations (TASKORG) of own and subordinate units/formations, and to report the presence of units/formations/installations not under command.[1]

UK SITREP

The Situation Report (SITREP) used by the UK Land Forces is a simplified version of NATO's OWNSITREP format. It is a simple message for immediate use at Battlegroup (Unit) Level and below on voice nets only.

A - Time of report (DTG)
B - Own Forces
C - Enemy Forces
D - Intentions

The OWNSITREP format is always used on data nets and when exchanging information with allies.

US Army Commander's Situation Report

In the US Army the Commander's Situation Report (SITREP) is used mainly at Battalion-level and higher to keep the commander's higher and lower staff updated and advised on the reporting commander's critical situation. The Commander's Situation Report contains 21 lines that portray the situation in great detail.[2]

Report Number: C035 {USMTF # C400}

General Instructions: Use to keep the commander’s higher and lower staff updated and advised on the reporting commander’s critical situation.

Reference: FM 100-15, FM 71-3, and FM 71-2.

  • Line 1: Date and Time (DTG)
    The Date Time Group (DTG) for the time of the reporting
  • Line 2: Unit
    The unit making the SITREP
  • Line 3: Reference
    Reference to other reports made (including Report Title, Originator and DTG)
  • Line 4: Originator
    The Unit Identification Code of the Unit Originating the Report
  • Line 5: Reported Unit
    Unit Identification Code of the Reported Unit
  • Line 6: Home Location
    UTM or Six-Digit Grid Coordinate With MGRS Grid Zone Designator for the Home Location of the Reported Unit
  • Line 7: Present Location
    UTM or Six-Digit Grid Coordinate With MGRS Grid Zone Designator for the Present Location of the Reported Unit
  • Line 8: Activity
    Brief Description of Reported Unit's Current Activity
  • Line 9: Effective
    Commander's Evaluation of the Reported Unit's Combat Effectiveness
  • Line 10: Own Situation Disposition/Status
    A Summary Updating Changes to or Not Previously Reported Major Combatant and Support Force Locations; Significant Mission Readiness Degradation on Units; Current Deployments; Proposed Deployments; Changes in Task Force Designations; Organization or Operational Control (CHOP); and Projected Requirements for Additional Forces
  • Line 11: Location
    UTM or Six-Digit Grid Coordinate With MGRS Grid Zone Designator
  • Line 12: Situation Overview
    A Brief Overall Assessment of the Situation to Include Circumstances or Conditions Which Increase or Materially Detract From the Capability and Readiness of Forces Assigned or Under Operational Control of the Command or Service
  • Line 13: Operations
    A Brief Description and Results of Offensive and Defensive Operations Carried Out by Major Combatant Elements During the Period of the Report; Information on Allied Forces' Operations; Summary of Plans for Combat Operations During Next 24 Hours Including Objectives and Probable Enemy Reaction; Deviations or Variations From Previously Reported Intentions/Plans
  • Line 14: Intelligence/Reconnaissance
    Brief Overview of the Situation, Including Operations, Order of Battle, Capabilities, and Threat Changes; Reference: Any Significant Spot Intelligence Reports (SPIREPs) or Intelligence Reports (INTREPs) Submitted in Previous 24 Hours
  • Line 15: Logistics
    Significant Deficiencies Affecting Support for Planned Operations; Problem Areas Beyond the Commander's or Services' Capability to Overcome or Alleviate in a Timely Manner
  • Line 16: Communications/Connectivity
    Significant Outages, Traffic Volume, Incompatibilities, and Quantitative Equipment Deficiencies; an Assessment of the Mission Impact Caused by Communications Outages and Degradations Should be Provided by the CINC's J-6/J-3 Staff and Contained in This Section
  • Line 17: Personnel
    Factors Affecting Readiness of Forces/Units; Mobilization Status; Daily Battle Casualties (Ex: KIA, WIA, MIA) Aggregated by Service and Impact of All Casualties Sustained (Battle, Nonbattle, Critical Skills, Key Personnel Upon the Commands' Mission Capability)
  • Line 18: Significant political/military/diplomatic events
    Events Not Reported by OPREP 3 PINNACLE, but which could result in US and local and international public reaction; Results/Decisions of key allied or other foreign government meetings; civil unrest indications of civil defense measures contemplated or implemented; Large-Scale military exercises; Events emphasizing interests of key segments of the society
  • Line 19: Cdr's Eval
    Summary of key points from paragraphs 12 through 19 highlighting areas requiring JCS and NCA actions or decisions; Continuity of operations (COOP) implementation intentions on execution
  • Line 20: Narrative
    Free text for information required for clarification of report
  • Line 21: Authentication
    Report authentication

8-line SITREP

The 8-line SITREP has been adapted by many Mil-Sim units as it offers a good compromise between compactness and level of detail in the description of the elements situation. It provides information regarding the elements location, activities, intention, ammunition, casualty, equipment status as well as battle damage assessment and intelligence gained.

Structure

The 8 lines of the SITREP are:

  • Unit call Sign
  • Current position.
  • Recent activity.
  • Casualties.
  • Ammo & equipment status.
  • Enemy KIA.
  • Intel
  • Your intention.

Example

Alpha 1: India 1, this is Alpha 1, STAND BY for SITREP, OVER.
India l: Alpha 1, this is India 1, SEND, OVER.

  1. Alpha 1: Alpha 1, Current position 6-digit-grid 234 620, BREAK.
  2. Alpha 1: Alpha 1, Just taken objective Alpha, BREAK.
  3. Alpha 1: Alpha 1, Taken no casualties, 2 injured, no legs, BREAK.
  4. Alpha 1: Alpha 1, 6 enemy KIA, BREAK.
  5. Alpha 1: Alpha 1, Enemy moving away from objective towards the south, BREAK.
  6. Alpha 1: Alpha 1, Intent to capture objective bravo, HOW COPY, OVER.

India 1: India 1, SOLID COPY, OVER.
Alpha 1: Alpha 1, End of SITREP, OUT.

Reference & Links

  1. NATO Allied Publication APP-9 - Compendium of Allied Forces Messages
  2. Army Field Manual FM 101-5-2 U.S. Army Report and Message Formats
  3. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/123207240/SITREP-SPOTREP
  4. http://www.armystudyguide.com/content/the_tank/army_report_and_message_formats/commanders-situation-repo.shtml